Pakistan officially the “Islamic Republic of Pakistan” is a country in South Asia and on junction of West Asia, Central Asia and East Asia. Pakistan is historically and culturally links with its neighbours are china, Iran, Afghanistan, and India.
Pakistan and India got independence in 1947, Pakistan is identified from its larger south eastern neighbour by its high Muslim population (as the predominance of Hindus in India). Pakistan has struggled from its existence to gain political stability and social development. Its capital is Islamabad, in the foothills of the Himalayas in the northern part of the country, and its largest city is Karachi, in the south on the coast of the Arabian Sea.
Population of Pakistan:
- The current population of Pakistanis 198,314,556 based on the latest United Nations estimates.
- Pakistan population is equivalent to 61%of the total world population.
- It is the fifth-most populous
- The population density in Pakistan is 256 per Km2(662 people per mi2).
- The total land area is 770,880 Km2 (297,638 sq. miles)
- 1 %of the population is urban (77,107,125 people in 2017)
- The median age in Pakistan is 7 years
Area of Pakistan:
It is the 33rd-largest country spanning 881,913 square kilometres (340,509 square miles). Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650-mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and its Gulf of Oman in the south. It is separated from Tajikistan by Afghanistan’s Wakhan Corridor in the north-west, and also shares a maritime border with Oman.
The area has been ruled by numerous empires and dynasties, including the Persian Achaemenid Empire, Alexander III of Macedon, the Indian Mauryan Empire, the Arab Umayyad Caliphate, the Delhi Sultanate, the Mongol Empire, the Mughal Empire, the Afghan Durrani Empire, the Sikh Empire (partially), and most recently, the British Empire.
Borders of Pakistan:
Pakistan shares its borders with four neighboring countries – Afghanistan, China, India, and Iran – adding up to about 6,975 km (4,334.1 mi) in length.
- Pakistan is bordered by India to the east,
- Afghanistan to the west
- Iran to the southwest
- China borders to the northeast of Pakistan.
Its western borders include the Khyber Pass and Bolan Pass that have served as traditional migration routes between Central Eurasia jand South Asia.
The nation is geopolitically placed within some of the most controversial regional boundaries which share disputes and have many-a-times escalated military tensions between the nations, e.g., that of Kashmir with India and the Durand Line with Afghanistan 2,430 km (1,509.9 mi), which runs from the Hindu Kush and the Pamir Mountains.
Geography of Pakistan :
The Geography of Pakistan varies from plains to deserts, forests, hills, and plateaus ranging from the coastal areas of the Arabian Sea in the south to the mountains of the Karakoram range in the north. Pakistan geologically overlaps both with the Indian and the Eurasian tectonic plates where its Sindh and Punjab provinces lie on the north-western corner of the Indian plate.
While Balochistan and most of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa lie within the Eurasian plate which mainly comprises the Iranian Plateau. Gilgit-Baltistan and Azad Kashmir lie along the edge of the Indian plate and hence are prone to violent earthquakes where the two tectonic plates collide.
Pakistan is divided into three major geographic areas:
The northern highlands;
The Indus River plain, with two major subdivisions corresponding roughly to the provinces of Punjab and Sindh;
And the Balochistan Plateau.
Some geographers designate additional major regions. For example, the mountain ranges along the western border with Afghanistan are sometimes described separately from the Balochistan Plateau, and on the eastern border with India, south of the Sutlej River.
The Thar Desert may be considered separately from the Indus Plain. Nevertheless, the country may conveniently be visualized in general terms as divided in three by an imaginary line drawn eastward from the Khyber Pass and another drawn southwest from Islamabad down the middle of the country.
Roughly, then, the northern highlands are north of the imaginary east-west line; the Balochistan Plateau is to the west of the imaginary southwest line; and the Indus Plain lies to the east of that line.