- 0.1 Prime Minister of Pakistan list with Care Takers
- 0.2 Responsibilities of a PM:
- 0.3 Creating the Post of Prime Minister
- 1 List of Prime Ministers of Pakistan
- 1.1 1. Liaquat Ali Khan (1947 – 1951)
- 1.2 2. Sir Khawaja Nazimuddin (1951 – 1953)
- 1.3 3. Mohammad Ali Bogra (1953 – 1955)
- 1.4 4. Chaudhry Mohammad Ali (1955 – 1956)
- 1.5 5. Husain Shaheed Suhrawardy (1956 – 1957)
- 1.6 6. Ibraheem Ismaeel Chundrigar (1957 – 1958)
- 1.7 7. Sir Feroz Khan Noon (1957 – 1958)
- 1.8 8. Noor ul Ameen (1971)
- 1.9 9. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto (1973 – 1977)
- 1.10 10. Mohammad Khan Junejo (1985 – 1988)
- 1.11 11. Benazir Bhutto (1988 – 1990)
- 1.12 12. Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi (1990)(Caretaker)
- 1.13 13. Mohammad Nawaz Shareef (1990-1993)
- 1.14 14. Balakh Sher Mazari ( 1993)(Caretaker)
- 1.15 15. Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif (1993)
- 1.16 16. Mr. Moin Qureshi (1993) (Caretaker)
- 1.17 17. Benazir Bhutto (1993 – 1996)
- 1.18 18. Malik Meraj Khalid (1996 – 1997)(Caretaker)
- 1.19 19. Mohammad Nawaz Shareef (1997-1999)
- 1.20 20. Zafarullah Khan Jamali (2002-2004)
- 1.21 21. Chaudhry Shujaat Husain (2004)
- 1.22 22. Shaukat Aziz (2004-2007)
- 1.23 23. Mohammad Mian Soomro (2007-2008)(Caretaker)
- 1.24 24. Yousaf Raza Geelani (2008-2012)
- 1.25 25. Raja Pervaiz Ashraf (2013-2013)
- 1.26 26. Meer Hazaar Khan Khoso (2013)(Caretaker)
- 1.27 27. Mohammad Nawaz Shareef (2013-2017)
- 1.28 28. Shahid Khaqan Abbasi (2017-2018)
- 1.29 29. Nasirul Mulk (2018)(Caretaker)
- 1.30 30. Imran Khan (2018-2022)
- 1.31 Mian Mohammad Shahbaz Sharif(2022 to date)
Prime Minister of Pakistan list with Care Takers
The Prime Minister of Islamic Republic of Pakistan is the popularly elected politician who is the chief executive of the Government of Pakistan. He is, All in All, head of Government of Pakistan.
Responsibilities of a PM:
The Prime Minister is vested with the responsibility of running the administration through his appointed federal cabinet, formulating national policies to ensure the safeguard of the interests of the nation and its people through the Council of Common Interests as well as making the decision to call nationwide general elections for the bicameral Parliament of Pakistan.
In Pakistan’s parliamentary system, the prime minister is sworn in by the President and usually is the Chairperson or the President of the coalition that has a majority in the National Assembly–the lower house of Pakistan Parliament.
Creating the Post of Prime Minister
After the Partition of British India on the midnight of 14/15 August 1947, Pakistan followed the British system by creating the post of prime minister based at the Prime Minister’s Secretariat. Then Governor-General of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, took advice from the founding fathers of the nation and appointed the first Prime Minister of Pakistan.
Guys let’s surf some history and bring the prime ministers of Pakistan out of it. If we do some calculations we come to know that since independence, the 14th of August, 1947, we have had 23 Prime Ministers, and there were caretaker prime ministers who were only mandated to oversee the system until the election process was finished.
List of Prime Ministers of Pakistan
7 Caretaker Prime Ministers are included in the List of Prime Ministers of Pakistan. Here we have assembled the List of Prime Ministers of Pakistan from 1947 to 2022 along with their names, the duration of their tenure, and their representative political party. Let us have a birds-eye view over their list.
1. Liaquat Ali Khan (1947 – 1951)
Our First Prime Minister was Mr Liaquat Ali Khan.
He stepped into office exactly on14th of August 1947 and remained in there till the 16th of October.1951.
His election was held on the principles of democracy.
He belonged to the Muslim League.
His Total duration as a Prime Minister was 4 Years, 2 Months, and 2 Days.
He was assassinated in the famous Liaquat Bagh during a political Jalsa in Rawalpindi.
Someone shot him to death.
2. Sir Khawaja Nazimuddin (1951 – 1953)
After the sad demise of Prime Mister late Mr. Liaquat Ali Khan, Sir Khwaja Nazimuddin took over the office.
He took oath for this Office on 17th October 1951; he served as Prime Minister till 17th April 1953 for the period of exactly 2 years.
After that, the Governor-General dissolved the government.
He was also democratically elected and belonged to Muslim League.
3. Mohammad Ali Bogra (1953 – 1955)
Mr. Muhammad Ali Bogra was attached to Muslim League as his predecessors.
His election was also fair according to the rules of democracy.
He remained Prime Minister for 2 Years, 2 Months, 26 Days from 17 April 1953 to 12 August 1955.
He stepped down because the then Governor-General dismissed the government.
4. Chaudhry Mohammad Ali (1955 – 1956)
He was the successor of Mohammad Ali Bogra.
He entered the Office as P.M on 12.8.1955 and enjoyed the same till 12.11.1956.
He resigned from this office.
His stay in this position was of 1 year and 1 month period.
He also belonged to the Muslim League and was elected democratically.
5. Husain Shaheed Suhrawardy (1956 – 1957)
The person who filled the vacant seat of P.M after Chaudhry Mohammad Ali was Husain shaheed Suharwardy.
His political Party was Awami League.
He was also the production of elections held on the basis of democracy.
He bore the status of Prime Minister of Pakistan from 12 September 1956 to 17 October 1957 for the duration of 1 Year, 1 Month, and 5 Days.
He also resigned from this office.
6. Ibraheem Ismaeel Chundrigar (1957 – 1958)
In the next elections, the Prime Minister of Pakistan was Ibraheem Ismaeel Chudrigar.
He assumed office on 17 October 1957 and left it on 16 December 1957.
He remained there for a brief period of 1 Month and 29 days.
He was also a Muslim league and was elected democratically.
He was removed from his seat due to a vote of no confidence.
7. Sir Feroz Khan Noon (1957 – 1958)
Sir Feroz Khan Noon was a member of the Republican Party.
He entered the office of P.M on 16 December 1957 and persists in there till 7 October 1958.
An election in which he was elected as Prime Minister was held democratically.
He persisted as Prime Minister for the duration of 9 Months and 21 Days.
He had to leave the office due to the abolishment of the seat of Prime Minister. The scene behind is where President Iskandar Mirza enforced Martial law.
President Ayub Khan merged the offices of President and Prime Minister into the post of Head of the State from 1958 to 1971. There was no seat of Prime Minister and there was no Premier for the next 13 Years and 2 Months correctly in Pakistan.
8. Noor ul Ameen (1971)
He was the shortest-serving Prime Minister in the History of Pakistan during the 1971 Bangladesh-Pakistan War.
His duration extended to 13 days.
He endured the resumed office of Prime Minister on the 7th of December 1971 and possessed it till the 20th of December, 1971. On this date, he resigned under his hand. He was elected democratically.
He was representative of a political party named the Pakistan Muslim League. Again the post was abolished on 20 December 1971 for 1 Year, 7 Months, and 25 Days.
The reallocation of the office took place on 14 August 1973.
9. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto (1973 – 1977)
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto brought the third and continuing Constitution of Pakistan. All Prime Ministers came after the 14th of August 1947, under the same Constitution.
He himself was sworn as a first Prime under this Constitution as a first Prime Minister on August 1973, after democratic elections.
He was the leader of the political party named Pakistan Peoples Party as well.
The seat was again abolished on 5 July 1977 and he had to leave the office. His total duration as a Prime Minister was 3 Years, 10 Months, and 21 days.
On 5 July 1977, the post was abolished due to the Martial Law declaration after the coup of General Zia ul Haq. The total duration for which the post was abolished this time was 7 Years, 8 Months, and 19 Days.
It was the duration between 1977 to 1985.
10. Mohammad Khan Junejo (1985 – 1988)
He entered office in March 1985 and left it on 29 May 1988. President Zia dismissed him.
His status for elections is elected democratically.
He belonged to neither political party as he was an independent candidate when he contested the elections.
Afterward, he joined the Pakistan Muslim League.
His total period on the post was 3 Years, 2 Months, and 5 Days. Again the post was abolished on 29 May 1988 and remained abolished till 2 December 1988.
The post remained abolished for 6 Months and 3 Days.
11. Benazir Bhutto (1988 – 1990)
She was the first women Prime Minister in the Islamic World.
She graced the office of Prime Minister 2 times.
In her first term, she became Prime Minister on 2nd December 1988.
She remained from P.M till 6 August 1990.
She was elected democratically. She was the daughter of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and she also belonged to Pakistan Peoples Party.
The total duration of her first tenure as Prime Minister was 1 Year, 8 Months, and 4 Days.
She was dismissed by President Ghulam Ishaque Khan.
12. Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi (1990)(Caretaker)
He was the caretaker Prime Minister. He assumed office after Benazir Bhutto on 6 August 1990.
He endured the seat and successful elections held.
He stepped down on 6 November 1990. He had not any affiliation with any political party.
He remained Acting Prime Minister for 3 Months.
In those elections, Mohammad Nawaz Shareef won from the back of the Pakistan Muslim League (N) and support of Islami Jamhoori Ittihad which was changed later.
He turned Pakistan Muslim League into Pakistan Muslim League (N).
He enjoyed furthermore terms but for the first time, he became Prime Minister on 6 November 1990 and remains on the post till 18 April 1993.
His first duration as Prime Minister is extended to the time period of 2 Years, 5 Months, and 12 Days.
He was dismissed by President Ghulam Ishaque Khan.
14. Balakh Sher Mazari ( 1993)(Caretaker)
Balkh Sher Mazari was the Caretaker/Acting Prime Minister for the duration of 1 Month and 8 Days.
He joined the office on 18 April 1993 and left the doors of that office on 26 May 1993.
No political party has his membership.
15. Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif (1993)
After the caretaker Mir Balkh Sher Mazari, Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif took the status of prime minister on 26th May 1993. He remained as a prime minister for 2 months and he quit on 8th August 1993.
16. Mr. Moin Qureshi (1993) (Caretaker)
After Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif, Mr. Moin Qureshi was appointed as a Caretaker to do his duty and perform the responsibilities of a prime minister on 8th August 1993. He remained as a caretaker until the next election and the prime minister was selected. He left the doors on 19 October 1993.
17. Benazir Bhutto (1993 – 1996)
She resumed office on 19 October 1993 after the elections. She was again dismissed by President Farooq Laghari on 5 November 1996. The duration of her second term was 3 Years and 17 Days.
18. Malik Meraj Khalid (1996 – 1997)(Caretaker)
He joined the caretaker Government as Caretaker P.M from 5 November 1996 to 17 February 1997. He belonged to no political party the same as all other caretakers Prime Ministers. He remains at his status for 3 Months and 12 Days.
Mohammad Nawaz Shareef took Oath as a Prime Minister on the 17th of February 1997 and was continuing the office till 12 October 1999.
He was elected P.M but deposed in the coup by General Pervaiz Musharaf.
The total duration of his 3rd term was 2 Years, 7 Months, and 23 Days.
this post was again Abolished from 12 October 1999 to 20 November 2002 for 3 Years, 1 Month, and 8 Days.
20. Zafarullah Khan Jamali (2002-2004)
Nawaz Shareef was succeeded by Zafarullah Khan Jamali on 21 November 2002 and he resigned under his hand on 26 June 2004.
He was appointed by the President.
He came from the political party known as Pakistan Muslim League (Q).
His total duration as the Prime Minister was 1 Year, 7 Months, and 5 Days.
21. Chaudhry Shujaat Husain (2004)
He stepped into office on 30 June 2004 and vacated the same for his successor on 20 August 2004.
He was democratically elected P.M.
He again belonged to Pakistan Muslim League (Q).
He remained Premier for the duration of 1 Month and 21 Days.
22. Shaukat Aziz (2004-2007)
Pakistan Muslim League (Q) elected Shaukat Aziz as the next president who enjoyed the status for the duration of 3 Years, 2 Months, and 27 Days from 20 August 2004 to 16 November 2007.
He was the first Prime Minister who stepped down from his post because his government has completed its Parliamentary tenure.
23. Mohammad Mian Soomro (2007-2008)(Caretaker)
He was the Prime Minister of the Caretaker Government from 16 November 2007 to 25 March 2008.
He belonged to Pakistan Muslim League (Q).
His duration was 4 Months and 9 Days.
24. Yousaf Raza Geelani (2008-2012)
The next elected Prime Minister was Syed Yousaf Raza Gillani.
His duration in office was of 4 Years, 2 Months, and 25 Days from 25 March 2008 – to 19 June 2012.
He belonged to Pakistan Peoples Party as this party was a governing party.
Supreme Court has disqualified him from his post on the charges of contempt of court.
He was the longest-serving Prime Minister of Pakistan.
Before him, this status was enjoyed by P/M Liaquat Ali Khan who remained in the office of P.M for 4 Years, 2 Months, and 2 Days.
In terms of Non-Consecutively, the longest-serving Prime Minister there come two names of, Nawaz Shareef and Benazir Bhutto.
25. Raja Pervaiz Ashraf (2013-2013)
He took place of the disqualified Prime Minister of his Party.
He gets into the office on 22 June 2012 and left the office on the expiry of the parliamentary government of the Pakistan Peoples Party on 25 March 2013.
He enjoyed the status for the duration of 9 Months and 3 Days.
26. Meer Hazaar Khan Khoso (2013)(Caretaker)
The next caretaker P.M was Meer Hazaar Khan Khoso.
He gets in the office on 25 March 2013 and left on 4 June 2013.
He was independent of any political party.
His total duration in the office was 2 Months and 10 Days.
This time he was the elected Prime Minister of Governing Party Muslim League (N).
He took oath as P.M on 5 June 2013 and was disqualified by Supreme Court on 28 July 2017 on the charges of Money Laundering.
This time his serving duration was 4 years, 1 month, and 23 days.
28. Shahid Khaqan Abbasi (2017-2018)
He completed the parliamentary term for the PMLN government.
He assumed office on 1 August 2017 and remained there till the caretaker government took charge.
He belongs to the Muslim League (N).
He remained caretaker P.M for a brief time.
29. Nasirul Mulk (2018)(Caretaker)
The next caretaker P.M was Retired Justice Nasir UL Mulk.
He enjoyed the office from 1st June 2018 to the 18th of August 2018.
30. Imran Khan (2018-2022)
His party has won the general elections in 2018. He belonged to the Tehreek e Insaf party.
He entered the office on 18th August 2018.
Khan’s Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf party lost the support of coalition allies, denying a majority he needed to defeat a no-confidence vote.
He left the presidency on 10th April 2022.
Mian Mohammad Shahbaz Sharif(2022 to date)
Sharif is elected prime minister by parliament following the removal of Imran Kahn in a no-confidence vote on 11th April 2022.
Mian Shahbaz Sharif is the current serving prime minister of Pakistan.
There are some interesting calculations.
The political party which gave more numbers of Prime Ministers to Pakistan was Muslim League. Her 5 P.Ms served the nation as P.M for 9 Years, 7 Months, and 27 Days.
All democratic elected Prime Ministers remain on the status for 30 Years, 51 Months, and 254 Days Or maybe for 34 Years, 11 Months, and 14 Days.
5 times in history the post of Prime Minister was abolished.
It remains abolished for the total duration of 24 Years, 24 Months, and 53 Days or of 26 Years, 1 Month, and 23 Days.
The longer-term abolishment was 13 Years and 2 Months during the reign of Zia-ul-Haq’s Dictatorship.
The shortest duration of the abolishment of this esteemed post was 6 Months and 3 Days when Zia-ul-Haq was martyred.
The total number of Caretakers Prime Misters was 7. The Longest Served caretaker P.M was Mohammad Meean Soomro who enjoyed this post for 4 Months and 9 Days.
While the shortest such term of Caretaker Prime Minister was Balakh Sher Mazari for 1 Month and 8 Days.
On the other hand, the total time period in which caretaker Prime Ministers have filled the vacant seats of Governments was 18 Months and 10 Days 1 Year, 6 Months, and 10 days.
The good thing is that after constant disrupted democratic governments and 4 Military coups (Martial Law) in Pakistan two democratic governments have completed their constitutional terms. Now the third one is going on. But there is also a fact that not a signal prime Minster has completed his constitutional tenure.
If we take a general look around us we can see that there are Prime Ministers in most the counties.
No matter if they are practicing the parliamentary system or the Presidential system.
There may be a monarchy in a country or there may be an aristocratic or one-man show type of government.
In general Prime Minister is the head of his/her cabinet and executive but in the Parliamentary system, he/she is the Head of Government.
In all these cases only that person can be sworn in the office of Prime Minister who is a member of the law-making organ of the Government, the legislature.
He is not only the head of ministers but he may also retain some ministerial portfolio for him like our Prime Minister Imran Khan once retained a Federal Interior Ministry to himself.
This is a French term that means Premier Minister and still, there are many countries that use the term Premier still to date for the office of Prime Minister.
This title was first given to Cardinal Richelieu in 1624, informally. He was the head of the royal council then. Afterward, for the long term, this term usage was suspended.
In the Current Era, the term was first used in the current meaning in the 18th Century. Members of UK parliamentarians used this term for Sir Robert Walpole who was First Lord of the Treasury.
Initially, this term was used in a mocking sense then but as time flew this term become an honorable pedestal. Monarchs started to appoint those people as Ministers, Chief Ministers, and then Prime ministers who were his most trusted.
At that time the term of such ministers was at the pleasure of the Monarch now Prime Ministers is a person in whose hand there is the duration of Cabinet Ministers.
With the development of this office, the first international meeting of Prime Ministers was held in 1944 and this was the meeting of Commonwealth nations.
Now the selection of Prime Minister is described in The Constitution of each Country.
His election and selection process, his office, tenure, powers, functions, retirement, or impeachment.
Resignation, liabilities, and responsibilities, all are mentioned in the book of the Constitution.
Pakistan is a parliamentary country and there is a Prime Minister as an Executive and Government Head.
The constitution has allocated its 3rd chapter of the second part for the Prime Minister.
Since independence, we have the Constitutional political structure that has Prime Minister despite the fact that there was sometimes a military government and sometimes a presidential one.