Allama Muhammad Iqbal, who is also known as Allama Iqbal, is the national poet of Pakistan. He was also a great philosopher. It was his poetry that united the Muslims of the sub-continent at one point. He served a lot in his life so that Muslims became able to recognize their powers and rights to live as a nation.
His poetry produced immense strength in Muslims so that they became able to stand to get freedom, and later they succeeded in achieving their separate identity in the form of Pakistan. Due to the great efforts of Allama Iqbal, all Pakistani nations and also the government of Pakistan pay highly tribute to him on his Birthday, which is also known as Iqbal Day.
Why does Iqbal Day Celebrate?
Iqbal day is the birthday of Allama Muhammad Iqbal which is celebrated every year on 9th November. There is a public holiday all over the country. Teachers motivate the children in schools to prepare speeches to describe the dignity of their National hero. Also, they present beautiful tablows by wearing traditional costumes to recite his poetry. All institutions like to hold functions in different forms to recall the efforts of Allama Iqbal.
Moreover, a large number of literary and cultural organizations conduct programs at the regional level to remember Allama Iqbal and his work. The entire nation shows his love on Iqbal Day. The guard change ceremony is held every year by the government of Pakistan at his grave, called “Mazaar-e-Iqbal,” which is present in the Badshahi Mosque in Lahore.
Biography: When Allama Iqbal was born?
Allama Iqbal was born on 9th November 1877 in Sialkot. His zodiac sign is Scorpio. This sign reflects great intelligence according to horoscope.
His father’s name was Sheikh Noor Muhammad, who was a Tailor. His mother, Imam Bibi was a very humble and polite woman. Allama Iqbal much loved his mother. On her death, 9th November 1914, Iqbal suffered from severe grief. He also expressed his feelings in poetic form, “Every atom of creation is a prisoner of fate”.
Sheikh Ata Muhammad was the brother of Allama Iqbal and his sister was Zaynab Bibi.
Iqbal married with Karim Bibi in 1895. Khan Bahadur Ata Muhammad Khan, who was a physician, was the father of Karim Bibi. At the time of marriage, Iqbal’s age was 18 years.
In December 1914, Iqbal married the second time with Mukhtar Begum. His second wife died in the year 1924 after giving birth to a son. This son also died at the time of delivery, along with his mother.
Later, Iqbal married Sardar Begum. The couple became the parents of a son named Javed Iqbal.
Iqbal blessed with two children from Karim Bibi. A daughter named Miraj Begum (1895–1915) and a son, Aftab Iqbal (1899–1979) who became a barrister.
Javed Iqbal, who was a son from Sardar Begum, was born on 1924. He became a judge and died in 2015. Sardar Begum also gave birth to a daughter named Muneera Bano. She was born in 1930.
Allama Iqbal belonged to a religious family. His mother often helped poor and needy people. Initially, Iqbal’s family was Kashmiri Brahmin Sapru, which later converted to Islam.
Allama Iqbal kept British Raj Nationality and mixed ethnicity. His father was from Kashmir, and his mother was a Punjabi Muslim from Sialkot.
Education: From Where Iqbal did Graduation?
Allama Iqbal got his early education by Syed Mir Hassan in Sialkot. He learned Quran Majeed when he was only four years old. Iqbal got admission in Scotch Mission College and completed his matriculation in 1893. In 1895, he did intermediate in Faculty of Arts diploma. He also learned the Arabic language, and in 1897 he won the medal because he performed well in Arabic.
He also did Bachelor of Arts in philosophy and English literature from Government College University.
Higher Education and Career
Sir Thomas Arnold was the philosophy teacher of Iqbal who convinced him to go to England for higher education. In 1905, Iqbal went to England and qualified for a scholarship from the University of Cambridge. He got a Bachelor of Arts in 1906. In the same year, Iqbal was “called to the bar” (it is a terminology, uses in most common law jurisdictions) as a barrister at Lincoln’s Inn. In 1907, Iqbal traveled to Germany and earned a Doctor of Philosophy degree from the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich in 1908.
Allama Iqbal had an in-depth sight of nature. He was highly educated, and his poetry had a vision in it due to which he got the title Hakeem ul umah and is also called Father e Millat.
Death of Allama Iqbal
Allama Iqbal suffered to throat illness in 1933 after he returned from a trip to Afghanistan and Spain. He died on 21 April 1938. His tomb is present in Lahore. In his final years, he helped Niaz Ali to establish a Trust named Dar ul Islam. He also frequently visited the Dargah of famous Sufi Ali Hijwiri for spiritual assistance. His efforts were exceptional, and this is the reason why he is known all over the world. People read his work after translating it into several different languages.
Famous Books of Urdu Poetry by Allama Iqbal
Allama Iqbal also wrote poetry in English and Persian. His book Armughan-e-Hijaz is mixed i.e Urdu and Persian.
The work of Allama Iqbal played a considerable part that we have Pakistan. Now we enjoy the freedom and breathe in the atmosphere of a separate country where we can spend lives according to our traditions and can openly fulfill our religious obligations without any fear. His philosophy is still valid, and his ideas are reflected in his poetry and greatly touch the heart of Muslims.
Iqbal Day celebrations held at the highest level all across the country, which is proof that the Pakistani nation can never forget his work. He is still alive in our hearts, and our generations will always remain thankful for him and will always love him.