Many small and big dams have been built in different places in Pakistan. There are 150 dams in Pakistan that are approximately 50ft in height. The following is the list of main Dams in Pakistan and their locations:
- Tarbela Dam located in Haripur
- Mangla Dam located in Mirpur District
- Diamer Bhasha Dam located in Gilgit Baltistan
- Rawal Dam located in Islamabad
- Khanpur Dam located in Haripur
- Hub Dam located in Malir
- Warsak Dam located in Kabul River
- Satpara Dam located in Skardu
- Mirani Dam located in Kech District Balochistan
- Gomal Zam Dam located in Kajori Kach South Waziristan agency KPK.
Why does Pakistan Need Dams?
Pakistan is an agricultural country. To increase the agricultural yield, Pakistan needs water storage reservoirs. However, the irrigation system of Pakistan is the world’s largest irrigation source but still, there is a need to strengthen the irrigation system.
In the current age, the whole Earth is suffering from climate change hazards. The environment of Pakistan is also effecting by global warming that in result put a worse impact on the growth of farmed products. Thus, to protect agriculture from climate change, there is a big need to construct further dams in Pakistan.
Pakistan has more glacial ice than any other country outside polar regions. But its melt rate is doubling from climate change, threatening local communities & 50% of 🇵🇰 water supply. #UKAid is helping; #YOCA @COP26 #HCsGoNorth #UKPakDosti pic.twitter.com/b1JOImHJpS
— Christian Turner (@CTurnerFCDO) October 6, 2020
Furthermore, the construction of dams is also useful in controlling floods and irregular flow of water that usually happens when the snow melts from the mountains. The alarming condition of rapidly changing Earth’s climate and the ways to overcome them have addressed by the prime minister of Pakistan Mr. Imran Khan in 2019 at the United Nations meeting.
Tarbela Dam: The Biggest Dam of Pakistan
Tarbela Dam is the largest fill-type Dam in the world. It was built on the cost of $1.49bn on the Indus River near the small town of Tarbela in Haripur district, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The height of the Tarbela Dam is about 470 feet.
The water storage capacity of the Tarbela dam is about 14.3 billion cubic meters. Tarbela Dam is the second largest dam in the world in terms of storage capacity. In addition, a hydropower plant with an installed capacity of 3,478 million watts has been constructed on the right side of Tarbela Dam.
The construction of Terbela Dam was started in 1968 on the behalf of the government of Pakistan. The project was executed by WAPDA (Water and Power Development Authority) and finally completed in 1984.
The World Bank was the major contributor who gave money in the form of a bank loan.
Mangla Dam Pakistan
It is a multi-purpose dam that has built on the Jhelum River in Manipur District of Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. Mangla Dam is the seventh-largest dam in the world. The height of the Mangla Dam is about 380 feet. It has a storage capacity of about 4.81 million acre-feet.
The main purpose of this dam is to provide water for irrigation and hydropower. That’s why there is no safe source to prevent floods.
Diamer Bhasha Dam
Currently, Pakistan is constructing the Diamer Bhasha Dam on the Indus River. According to a safe estimation, it will take 9 years to complete the project. The experts predict that after the construction will complete, Diamer Bhasha Dam will be the highest dam in the world with an area of 110 square kilometres and a water storage capacity of around 8MAF. The maximum height of the dam will be 270 meters.
The new dam project is partially funding by the United States. The total cost of the Diamer Bhasha Dam can range from $18 to $20 billion. In the opinion of experts, this dam will play an excellent role to improve the economy of Pakistan as CPEC. This will also increase the storage capacity of Tarbela Dam by 35 years.