Pakistan, our beautiful and peaceful homeland is located in South Asia. From the west, it shares borders with Iran, From the northeast, it is bordered by China. In its north there is Afghanistan and India is in its East while there to the South, there is the Arabian Sea.
There are immense historical and cultural bindings between Pakistan and its neighboring countries i.e. Afghanistan, India, and Iran. There are very friendly relationships between Pakistan and China and China has great credit in many developmental programs that are currently operating in Pakistan.
Islamabad is the capital city of Pakistan. Karachi is the largest city in Pakistan that is situated on the Arabian Sea coast in the south of Pakistan.
In this article, we would discuss the province of Pakistan and would also put a spotlight on their culture and traditions. Other than the provinces of Pakistan, you would also come to know about the territories of Pakistan in this blog.
Provinces of Pakistan
There are a total of four provinces in the beautiful land of Pakistan, namely,
- Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
With respect to population, Punjab is the largest province and second largest in terms of area. While Balochistan province comes first in terms of area and is the smallest province by population.
On the advice of the Prime Minister, a non-executive Governor is appointed as the head of the province by the President.
The word Punjab, literally means, the land of five rivers. It has a fertile land and agriculture is the key economy of this province.
Punjab, the largest province by population and second-largest province by area is bordered by Balochistan province from the southwest. In its south, there is Sindh province and in the west, there is Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in the north, there are Azad Kashmir and Islamabad Capital Territory, and in the east, there are the Indian States of Rajasthan and Punjab.
Facts and Figures about Punjab Province
The salient facts and figures about the province of Pakistan are given below in the table,
|Population of Punjab||11120422|
|Total Area||205,344 sq.km|
|Capital of Punjab||Lahore|
|Literacy Rate||63 %|
|Density||398 Sq. km.|
|Languages spoken in Punjab||Punjabi, Urdu, Saraiki and Pothowari.|
As, Pakistan is an agricultural country which is the backbone of Pakistan’s economy, the fertile soil of Punjab province plays a great role in the agriculture sector of Pakistan and many of the Punjabis are linked with this profession. This province is very famous as it generates about 24% of the country’s gross domestic product. .
Punjabi culture is prominent worldwide that showcases the culture of Pakistan. Punjabi culture is the richest and the oldest culture around the globe. In Punjab, there are different casts including, Arai, Gujjar, Sheikh Syed, Rajput, etc.
Punjabi people are very hardworking, welcoming, and sociable. Most of them belong to the field of agriculture as they live in the land of five rivers. They are fond of Bhangras, dance, and music. They have mild nature. They are not only religious but also stand along with the fashion.
Punjabi food is famous in the whole world and many tourists and foreigners who come to Pakistan enjoy the delicious taste of the Punjabi food in Punjab province.
Punjab is very famous for its ancient buildings and Qila Darawar and the city of Harappa are among the ancients.
Sindh is located in the southeastern region of Pakistan. By population, Sindh is the second-largest province and by areas, it is the third-largest province. It shares its north border with Punjab and Balochistan, whereas its east border with the Indian States ( Rajasthan and Gujrat) and its southern border are adjacent to the Arabian Sea.
Mostly the landscape of Sindh has alluvial plains. The region is dry and there are vast deserts in Sindh. The Thar Desert is present towards the east of this province. In the western region of this province, Kirthar Mountains are present.
Facts and Figures about Sindh
The Salients features, facts, and figures of Sindh are,
|Population of Sindh||47.9 million|
|Total Area||140,914 sq.km|
|Capital of Sindh||Karachi|
|Density||340 Sq. km.|
|Languages spoken in Sindh||Sindhi, Urdu, Punjabi, Pashto, Gujrati, Makrani, Bangali|
Sindhi people wear loose shalwar and kameez. They speak the Sindhi language with their local fellows. Sindhi food has fewer spices. Ekta Day is a cultural day that is celebrated by the Sindhi people. At this special event, they usually wear their traditional dresses including Ajrak and Sindhi topi.
Sindhi people exhibit their culture by using different mediums, especially in different shows and tablos, promoting their culture with pride. They are very hospitable, open-minded, and hardworking people.
Sindhi music has a Sufiism taste. Sindhi poetry and also the poets are the most precious assets of Pakistan including, Sachal Saramast, Abdul Latif Bhattai, Ustad Bhikari, and Sheikh Ayaz. Famous Sindhi sports are; Wanjh Wati, Kodi, and Malakhiro.
Balochistan has the distinction of being the largest area in terms of area and the smallest province in terms of population. On the southwestern side of Pakistan, this province is present. The largest city of this province is Quetta.
Balochistan shares its northeast borders with KPK and Punjab whereas its east borders with Sindh. On the south side, the Arabian Sea is present and on the north side, Afghanistan is present.
Facts and Figures about Balochistan
The Salients features, facts, and figures about Balochistan are,
|Population of Balochistan||12.34 million|
|Total Area||347,190 sq.km|
|Capital of Balochistan||Quetta|
|Languages spoken in Balochistan||Balochi, Brahui, Pashto, Saraiki,Punjabi, Hindko, Urdu|
Balochistan culture is chiefly based on divisions of tribes as they have conservative thinking Balochi culture is very rich in poetry and literature.
Most Balochi women are fond of doing embroidery on their dresses. Women mostly like to wear embroidered Frocks along with Shalwar whereas their men wear Shawar Kameez along with Turban. Balochistan is very famous for its traditional metal jewelry that is very attractive and glamourous.
The dry fruits of Balochistan are demanded by the whole world. The most famous and traditional dish of this province is Sajji. They also crave roasted mutton and lamb.
Balochi leather art is also very famous worldwide. Prayer mats, shoes, and sandals are also very popular.
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province
Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa abbreviated as KPK is situated in the southwestern part of Pakistan. It is present along the Pak-Afghan border and also shares the Tajikistan border. In terms of population and economy, KPK is the third largest province while in terms of area, it is the smallest of all four provinces of Pakistan.
Until 2010, this province was known as North West Frontier Province (NWFP). It was named Khyber Pakhtunkhwa after the 18th amendment of the Constitution of Pakistan. KPK also shares its borders with other provinces of Pakistan mainly Punjab and Balochistan also with administered territories of Gilgit Baltistan and Azad Jammu and Kashmir.
There is about 17.9% of all the population living in Pakistan. They speak mostly Pushto and Hindko. In this province, there is also an ancient region, Ghandhara along with the ruins of its capital city.
Allah Almighty has blessed KPK province with glamorous beauty, lush green valleys, magnificent landmarks, and crystal clear blue lakes. This province is the home to the most beautiful places in Pakistan and also the center to the most famous and beautiful lakes and most gorgeous and enchanting waterfalls of Pakistan.
Facts and Figures about Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
The Salients features, facts, and figures of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa are,
|Population of KPK||35.53 million|
|Total Area||101,741 sq.km|
|Capital of KPK||Peshawar|
|Density||238 Sq. km.|
|Languages spoken in KPK||Pashto and Pakhto|
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Culture
The people of this province are very loving, hospitable, and caring. They are not only brave and daring but also very innocent. Most of them speak the Pushto language. Pukhtoons give huge respect to their females and they don’t want any financial help from their females as they are the charm of their homes.
Jirga system is very commonly seen in KPK in which all the tribal elders ponder upon and resolve the issues bases on consensus. Pashtuns are fond of poetry and at special events, they gather and listen to the poetry.
Thus the four provinces of Pakistan and the people living in them have their distinctive and unique cultures. The civilization and culture of Pakistan have great significance around the globe. The social values of Pakistan’s culture revolve around the religion of Islam. These ethnic norms, customs, and traditions in turn lay down the foundation of a very civilized and sophisticated nation.