Pakistan Population

Pakistan’s estimated population as of August 25, 2017 was 207.77 million people, making it the world’s fifth-most-populous country. During 1950–2011, Pakistan’s urban population expanded over seven fold, while the total population increased by over fourfold. In the past, the country’s population had a relatively high growth rate. Between 1998-2017, the average population growth rate stood at 2.40%.

Dramatic social changes have led to rapid urbanization. During 1990–2003, Pakistan sustained its historical lead as the second-most urbanized nation in South Asia. Furthermore, 50% of Pakistanis now reside Iuljm9hn has a multicultural and multi-ethnic society and hosts one of the largest refugee populations in the world as well as a young population.

Population size and growth

  • Population: 207,774,520 (2017)
  • Growth rate: 2.10% (2016)

According to OECD/World Bank, the population in Pakistan increased by 23 million from 1990 to 2008, with a 54% growth in population compared to 34% growth in India and 38% growth in Bangladesh.


Population growth rate: 1.45% (2016 est.)

Definition: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighbouring countries.

Census of Pakistan 

The 2017 Census of Pakistan was a detailed enumeration of the Pakistani population which began on 15 March 2017 and ended on 25 May 2017. The census was conducted by the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics for the first time in 21st century and after 19 years.Initial estimates put the population at 21–22 crore (210–220 million).Due to the dismissal of Nawaz Sharif from the office of Prime Minister, the provisional results were delayed. The provisional results were finally presented to the Council of Common Interests on August 25, 2017, and then approved and released to the public. The results showed a total population of 207.8 million.

Human development

According to the 2009 Human Development Report of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), 60.3% of Pakistanis live on less than $2 a day.

Population of Pakistan by religion

Islam is the state religion of Pakistan, and about 95-98% of Pakistanis are Muslim. Pakistan has the second largest number of Muslims in the world after Indonesia. The majority are Sunni (estimated at 75-95%), with an estimated 5-20% Shia. A PEW survey in 2012 found that 6% of Pakistani Muslims were Shia

People belonging to Islam, Hinduism, Christianity, Ahmadi and some other religions are living in Pakistan. The right estimates of the people of different religion can’t be taken into account without proper census, but from different surveys and reports population of Pakistan by religion can be estimated. These surveys have been carried by different firms and organizations by different techniques.

The following religions are found in Pakistan:

  • Islam
  • Hinduism
  • Christianity
  • Ahmadiyya
  • Sikhism


People belonging to Islam are called Muslims. These are the followers of last Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW). There are about 95-98% Muslims of total population of Pakistan(about 191.71 million). The Muslims then have different sects among them including Sunni, Shia. Sunni Muslims and Shia Muslims are then further divided in sub-sects. They are living all over the Pakistan.


People belonging to Hinduism are called Hindus. They are almost 1.6% of the total population of Pakistan. Most of Hindus are living in Sindh province about 93%, 8% in Punjab and 2% in Baluchistan of total population of Hindus in Pakistan. Very small number of Hindus are also living in other parts of Pakistan.


People belonging to the Christianity are called Christians. They are making almost 1.5-1.59% of the total population of Pakistan. Most of the Christians are living in Punjab. A significant figure of Christians are in province of Sindh specially in Karachi. A very small fraction is found in few others parts of the country.


Ahmadiyya community is making up almost 0.25% of the population of Pakistan. They were declared non-Muslims in 1974 by the parliament of Pakistan as they don’t fulfill the definition of being Muslim.


The followers of Sikhism are not too much in Pakistan nearly about 20,000 to 25,000. Although their population is increased as number of Sikhs have migrated from Afghanistan to Pakistan in recent years. In Nankana Sahib near Lahore the Shrine of “Guru Nanak Dev”, where Sikhs visit from all over the world.

There are many other religions in Pakistan making very small fraction of population of Pakistan including Buddhism, Judaism, Kalash, Zaroastrianism and Bahá’i.






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