Pakistan and China are bind together in the relation of friendship from the period of 66 years. Their friendship is constantly moving on an ascending route and gaining strength with the passage of time.
These two countries have celebrated a number of anniversaries of their friendship, which is unique in many ways in the recent history of state-to-state and people-to-people relations.
Development of this extraordinary relationship is based on the principles of peaceful co-existence, commonality of interests, and shared perceptions on regional and global developments. To Maintain close relations with China is a central part of Pakistan’s foreign policy. Pakistan has long and strong relationship with China that has been mutually beneficial for both countries.
On May 21, 1951, China and Pakistan set up formal strategic relations. Pakistan was one of the primary nations to perceive China. As close friendly neighbors, China and Pakistan keep up close correspondence and coordination on international and local issues of common concerns. China has regularly supported Pakistan’s improvement and usage of hostile to anti-terrorism security technique in view of its national conditions. Pakistan firmly bolsters China on the issues of Taiwan, Tibet, Xinjiang and different issues. China also supports Pakistan’s standpoint on Kashmir.
China and Pakistan also share close military relations, with China providing a scope of modern weapons to the Pakistani defense forces. There are strong military ties between China and Pakistan. Since 1962, China has been a firm source of military gear to the Pakistani Army for helping in the establishment of ammunition factories, giving mechanical help and modernizing existing facilities. China and Pakistan are engaged in several projects to improve military and weaponry systems, which incorporate the joint development of the JF-17 Thunder warrior airplane, K-8 Karakorum propel preparing flying machine, a tailor made training aircraft for the Pakistan Air Force based on the Chinese household Hongdu L-15, space innovation, AWACS systems, Al-Khalid tanks, which China allowed license production and tailor made adjustments based on the initial Chinese Type 90 as well as MBT-2000.
Chinese collaboration with Pakistan has reached economic high points as China is the major investor in Pakistan’s Gwadar Deep Sea Port, which is located at the mouth of the Strait of Hormuz. It is clearly observed by both America and India as a probable launch pad for the Chinese Navy, giving them the facility to launch submarines and warships in the Indian Ocean. Both countries have an enduring free trade agreement. China has recently pledged to contribute almost $43 billion US dollars. China has turned into Pakistan’s second biggest exchanging partner, while Pakistan becomes China’s biggest investment destination in South Asia with total two-sided trade reached at 18 billion US dollars.
Pakistan has served as China’s fundamental bridge between Muslim countries. Pakistan also played a critical part in crossing over the communication gap between China and the West by encouraging the 1972 Nixon visit to China. The relations between Pakistan and China have been described by Pakistan’s representative to China as higher than the mountains, deeper than the oceans, stronger than steel, dearer than eyesight, sweeter than honey, and so on.
China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) plan is the biggest achievement that is recently carved by China for economic growth and development in Pakistan. The CPEC will unite Pakistan with China as well as with Central Asian countries through highways. These highways will connect Kashgar to Khunjerab and Gwadar. Gwadar port in southern Pakistan will fill in as the trade nerve center for China, because most of its business especially that of oil will be done through the port, which is operated by the China Overseas Port Holding Company. At this time, sixty percent of China’s oil must be transported by dispatch (ship/boat) from the Persian Gulf to the main business port in China which is named as Shanghai, the distance of more than 16,000 kilometers. The trip takes a few months, during which time the ships are helpless against pirates, bad weather, political opponents and different dangers.
China has been a solid vocal and devoted supporter of Pakistan’s atomic power generation for peaceful purposes. CHASNUPP-I is the commercial nuclear power plant in Punjab set up with Chinese help by its CNNC (China National Nuclear Corporation) under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) shields.
In short, Pakistan-China relationships are unique and their friendship has a strong impact on India. It is hopefully said both countries will reach to the highest peak of progress as soon as Gwadar project will complete and further developing agreements will held in future.